Distances Between Cities Acting as National Midpoints in the European System, 1816-1980 (ICPSR 9274)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Jan Faber


Version V1

This collection provides longitudinal data on geographic distances between nations. These distances changed over time as a result of alterations in the political map of Europe. The collection is designed to permit investigation of the variance in the degree of adjacency of nations and the measurement of economic and military spheres of influence. Each part of this collection presents a distance matrix for the time period involved, with dyadic distances between cities acting as national midpoints measured in 100 kilometers.

Faber, Jan. Distances Between Cities Acting as National Midpoints in the European System, 1816-1980. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09274.v1

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Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (H43-141)

1816 -- 1980

1984 -- 1985

Produced by the Europa Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1989.

Dyadic distances between cities acting as national midpoints within the nation-system comprised of the European states, the United States, Russia/the USSR, and Turkey.

(1) W.R. Shepherd. SHEPHERD'S HISTORICAL ATLAS, 1974, (2) J.D. Singer and M. Small. THE WAGES OF WAR, 1816-1965: A STATISTICAL HANDBOOK, 1972, and (3) The London Times. TIMES ATLAS OF THE WORLD, 1975

survey data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 24 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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