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Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States, 1964 (ICPSR 9242)

Principal Investigator(s): Kohn, Melvin L.; Schooler, Carmi


This data collection investigates the relationship between men's work and personality, and provides information regarding work, parenting practices, orientation toward work and society in general, and values. Work-related variables describe the place and conditions of employment, including the degree of supervision, placement within the workplace hierarchy, and the complexity of work with people, data, and things. Respondents also were questioned regarding job satisfaction, expectations for the future, job security, union membership and activities, and preferred occupation. Additionally, respondents provided self-evaluations of job and career performance, the importance and prestige of their jobs, and a complete work history for all jobs held for six months or more. Respondents who were parents at the time of the interview were queried regarding parenting practices and parental values, including methods of child discipline and reinforcement employed, and the level of educational achievement and future occupation preferred for their children. In addition, respondents were asked to select the most and least desirable qualities for their children from a prepared list of attributes. Respondents also were questioned regarding social orientation and self-concept. To measure social orientation, respondents were asked to state the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with statements indicating authoritarian or nonauthoritarian tendencies, different criteria of morality and amorality, trustfulness and distrustfulness, and statements indicating receptivity or resistance to change. Self-concept was examined by questions concerning self-confidence and diffidence, self-depreciation and self-endorsement, anxiety, fatalistic and accountable attributions of responsibility, and the conformity or independence of their ideas. Respondents also were asked to select the values most and least desired for themselves. Background information collected for respondents and their families includes household composition, metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area of residence, marital status and duration of marriage, education, ethnicity, religion, country of birth and year of immigration, wife's age and employment status, grandparents' occupations, and parents' country of birth, occupation, education, and age when the respondent was born. Also recorded were the number of brothers and sisters the respondent grew up with, the occupation of each sibling, whether the respondent lived with his parents and what his parents' occupations were when he was 16, the age and education level of each child living in the respondent's household, and the respondent's social class self-placement.

Series: Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Kohn, Melvin L., and Carmi Schooler. Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States, 1964 [Computer File]. ICPSR09242-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09242.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09242.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    children, employment history, job security, men, occupations, parenting skills, personality, self concept, social values, work, work environment

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1964

Date of Collection:   

  • 1964

Universe:    Adult men, 16 years of age or older, employed at least 25 hours a week in civilian occupations in the continental United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The documentation for this study includes copies of original materials provided by the principal investigators. In some places the text is illegible or missing, and some variables are not fully documented. ICPSR cannot undertake more extensive processing of the data and documentation at this time but believes that this study is sufficiently important to the social science community to release it. ICPSR may seek funding to produce more complete documentation if user demand warrants it. External funding might also be used to acquire and process more recent data from this collection.


Sample:    Area probability sample. A complete sampling description can be found in Sudman and Feldman (1965), which is available from the National Opinion Research Center.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Restrictions: To preserve respondent confidentiality, certain identifying variables are restricted from general dissemination. Aggregations of this information for statistical purposes that preserve the anonymity of individual respondents can be obtained from ICPSR in accordance with existing servicing policies.


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-05-20

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