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Violent Events in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960 (ICPSR 9080)

Principal Investigator(s): Tilly, Charles; Zambrano, Raul


This data collection was constructed as part of an ongoing research project aimed at examining and reformulating alternative explanations of conflict in France during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Information is supplied on the characteristics of each set of participants in a violent event ("formation"), including demographic, occupational, and political variables, and on the characteristics of the event as a whole. The magnitude of each disturbance is described by information on the number of participants, the number of man-days expended, and the number of participants killed, wounded, or arrested, as well as the form and extent of violence, property damage, and the immediate consequences of the violent event. Included also are descriptive data specifying the date, duration, location, and proximate causes of each event, and the major divisions separating its antagonists. In addition, the data collection identifies the sources reporting each event and cites key descriptive words used in the accounts of the incident.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Description of Each Violent Event - Download All Files (3.633 MB)
DS2:  Magnitude of Each Violent Event - Download All Files (3.594 MB)
DS3:  Location of Each Violent Event - Download All Files (3.572 MB)
DS4:  Description of Each Formation - Download All Files (3.691 MB)
DS5:  Characteristics of All Formations That Constitute a Violent Event - Download All Files (3.602 MB)
DS6:  Sources Used For Each Violent Event - Download All Files (3.566 MB)

Study Description


Tilly, Charles, and Raul Zambrano. Violent Events in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960. ICPSR09080-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1989. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09080.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09080.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • Princeton University. Center for International Studies
  • Social Science Research Council
  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    conflict, demographic characteristics, nineteenth century, occupations, political influences, twentieth century, violence

Geographic Coverage:    France, Global

Date of Collection:   

  • 1962--1988

Universe:    Violent events having at least 50 persons in one of the groups involved resulting in seizure, injury, or damage to at least one person or object that occurred in public places within continental France during the years 1830 to 1860 and 1930 to 1960. To qualify as a violent event, the person or object sustaining the attack had to be or belong to someone outside the acting group. Incidents in which troops or police inflicted the only violence are excluded.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The six files that constitute this collection comprise the components of a relational database, i.e., the information pertaining to any single event is contained in different files that share one or more common fields. (2) This collection is an extensively revised version of a recently dearchived ICPSR study: DISTURBANCES IN FRANCE, 1830-1860 AND 1930-1960: GENERAL SAMPLE (ICPSR 0050).


Sample:    All events encompassed by the universe.

Data Source:

The data were culled from archives, newspapers, general histories, yearbooks, monographs, and other published sources.


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-03-03

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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