This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Dependency Approaches to International Political Economy: A Cross-National Study, 1970 (ICPSR 9021)

Principal Investigator(s): Mahler, Vincent A.


This data collection provides cross-national data on the external determinants of the division of power and wealth in lesser developed countries. The study aggregates data, produced by the United Nations, the World Bank, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Seventy lesser-developed countries located in Subsaharan Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia, and southern Europe are included. These countries were selected on the basis of data availability. The variables provide information on exports as a proportion of Gross National Product (GNP), export concentration, commodity concentration, trade composition, terms of trade, types of investment, aid concentration, debt service, arms transfers, educational indicators, social welfare indicators, taxes, unemployment, security measures, GNP indicators, index of national resource endowment, and population.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (0.639 MB)
ASCII + SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Mahler, Vincent A. DEPENDENCY APPROACHES TO INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY: A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY, 1970. ICPSR version. New York, NY: Vincent A. Mahler, Columbia University [producer], 1977. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09021.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09021.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    arms trade, balance of trade, commodities, debt, defense spending, developing nations, education, exports, foreign aid, foreign investments, government, Gross National Product, imports, international economics, military strength, national defense, nations, natural resources, population, power structures, social welfare, taxes, unemployment, wealth

Geographic Coverage:    Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East, West Indies, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1970

Date of Collection:   

  • 1977

Universe:    Lesser-developed countries.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Seventy countries from Subsaharan Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia, and southern Europe were selected on the basis of data availability.

Data Source:

United Nations, World Bank, and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-07-13

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics