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Media Predictions and Voter Turnout in the United States, Election Day 1980 (ICPSR 9001)

Principal Investigator(s): Jackson, John E.


The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether election night reporting of presidential election results affected voter turnout in the 1980 United States election. The study gathered information on what time of day respondents voted, whether they had heard early reports of election results, and when they heard such reports. The dataset also includes variables used to assess likelihood of voting, including education, region, partisan strength, and feelings of citizen duty, as well as vote validation variables indicating the respondent's registration status and whether he or she voted. This study used part of the sample from the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1980 (ICPSR 7763). A brief telephone interview was conducted in January 1981 with individuals who participated in that study's Minor Panel (C1-C4) and Traditional Time Series samples (C3-C3po), and who agreed to be reinterviewed and could be reached by telephone. Vote validation variables and variables used to assess the likelihood of voting were drawn from the Integrated File of ICPSR 7763. This dataset can be merged with the entire Integrated File to permit analysis using the full data gathered for these respondents. Merging instructions are included in the machine-readable documentation for this study. Demographic information collected on respondents includes age, educational attainment, and political party affiliation.

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Study Description


Jackson, John E. Media Predictions and Voter Turnout in the United States, Election Day 1980. ICPSR09001-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1983. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09001.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09001.v1

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  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • ABC News
  • Markle Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Carter, Jimmy, election forecasting, media coverage, media influence, national elections, political attitudes, prediction, presidential elections, Reagan, Ronald, voter attitudes, voter registration, voter turnout, voters, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980

Date of Collection:   

  • 1981-01

Universe:    Respondents from the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1980 (ICPSR 7763) who had agreed to be reinterviewed and could be contacted by telephone. The AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY samples were cross-sectional samples of United States citizens of voting age on November 4, 1980.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Data Source:

telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-08

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