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Censuses of Religious Bodies, 1906-1936 (ICPSR 8)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection provides county- and state-level information on the number of members of a variety of religious organizations and groups in the United States between 1906 and 1936. The variables in this collection provide the names of these groups and organizations, which include the Advent Christian Church, Southern and National Convention Baptist churches, Buddhist (Japanese) temples, Evangelical Association, Jewish congregations, Greek Orthodox Church, Mennonite Church, Friends Church, Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene, Polish National Church, Roman Catholic Church, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Russian Eastern Orthodox Church, Mennonite General Conference, Hungarian Reformed Church, Unitarian Church, Negro Baptist Church, and Evangelical Church.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. CENSUSES OF RELIGIOUS BODIES, 1906-1936. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1980. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00008.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00008.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, church membership, counties, religion, religious denominations, religious organizations, states(USA)

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1906--1936

Universe:    Religious bodies in the United States in 1906, 1916, 1926, and 1936.

Data Type(s):    census data

Data Collection Notes:

The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Data Source:

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES, 1906, 1916, 1926, and 1936

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

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