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Census of Population, 1860 [United States]: Urban Household Sample (ICPSR 8930)

Principal Investigator(s): Moen, Jon


The Urban Household Sample of the 1860 United States Census was designed to supplement the Bateman-Foust rural sample with observations from urban areas. The sample covers both northern and southern towns and cities and permits examination of female occupations and labor force participation rates. Information on individuals includes occupation, city of residence, age, sex, race, dollar value of real and personal property owned, whether American or foreign born, and literacy. The second release of this collection adds nine constructed variables, including several weight variables, collapsed occupation, ICPSR state code, region, and unique internal family and household identifier numbers.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Moen, Jon. Census of Population, 1860 [United States]: Urban Household Sample. ICPSR08930-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-07-24. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08930.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08930.v3

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This study was funded by:

  • University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, demographic characteristics, females, labor force, occupations, urban areas

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1860

Date of Collection:   

  • 1986

Universe:    All individuals living in towns with populations of 3,000 or more who were enumerated in the 1860 Census of Population Manuscript Schedules.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

Nathanial T. Wilcox of the University of Chicago collaborated with Jon Moen for the second release of the data collection.


Sample:    Stratified random sample.

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census 1860 Manuscript Schedules

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-03-03

Version History:

  • 2009-07-24 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.

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