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Survey of Natural and Social Scientists and Engineers (SSE), 1986 (ICPSR 8898)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection focuses on persons engaged in the fields of natural science, social science, and engineering as well as in related occupations. The aim of the SSE was to gauge the effects of rapid development and innovation in science and technology during recent years on highly trained scientists and engineers in specific target occupations. Variables in this collection, which encompasses both the original 1982 survey data and data from the 1984 and 1986 follow-ups, include occupation, formal and supplemental education and training, current employment characteristics, job history, annual salary, whether work is supported by United States government funds, funding agency or department, and percentage of time devoted to specific work activities, particularly those that are energy-related. Demographic characteristics supplied include sex, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status.

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. SURVEY OF NATURAL AND SOCIAL SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS (SSE), 1986. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1987. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1988. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08898.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08898.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    academic achievement, academic degrees, college faculty, colleges, educational background, higher education, industry, job history, job opportunities, research, science, scientists, technology, wages and salaries

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Universe:    Persons identified by the 1980 census as being in one of several scientific or engineering occupations, having four or more years of college (two or more years if the census occupation was engineer), being in either the 1980 experienced civilian labor force or the labor reserve, and screened as having the most recent job in one of the scientific or engineering target occupations.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

These data were collected by the Bureau of the Census for the National Science Foundation.


Sample:    The 1982 sample was drawn from the 1980 Census Sample File, a sample of approximately 20 percent of all households, and also from the Puerto Rican Census Sample File using a multi-stage stratified sampling design. For 1984, a subsample of the 1982 sample was selected. In 1986 questionnaires were mailed out to all respondents who completed an interview in 1984.

Data Source:

self-enumerated forms, and telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1988-06-01

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