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ANES 1986 Time Series Study (ICPSR 8678)

Alternate Title:   American National Election Study, 1986

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E., University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies.; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. In addition to core items, new content includes questions on values, political knowledge, and attitudes on racial policy, as well as more general attitudes conceptualized as antecedent to these opinions on racial issues. The Main Data File also contains vote validation data that were expanded to include information from the appropriate election office and were attached to the records of each of the respondents in the post-election survey. The expanded data consist of the respondent's post case ID, vote validation ID, and two variables to clarify the distinction between the office of registration and the office associated with the respondent's sample address. The second data file, Bias Nonresponse Data File, contains respondent-level field administration variables. Of 3,833 lines of sample that were originally issued for the 1990 Study, 2,176 resulted in completed interviews, others were nonsample, and others were noninterviews for a variety of reasons. For each line of sample, the Bias Nonresponse Data File includes sampling data, result codes, control variables, and interviewer variables. Detailed geocode data are blanked but available under conditions of confidential access (contact the American National Election Studies at the Center for Political Studies, University of Michigan, for further details). This is a specialized file, of particular interest to those who are interested in survey nonresponse. Demographic variables include age, party affiliation, marital status, education, employment status, occupation, religious preference, and ethnicity.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Main Data File - Download All Files (33.811 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Bias Data File - Download All Files (20.304 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1986 Time Series Study. ICPSR08678-v6. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08678.v6

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08678.v6

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885 and SES-8341310)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, public policy, racial attitudes, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), social networks, social values, special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1986

Date of Collection:   

  • 1986
  • 1987

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    All United States households in the 50 states.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

There was significantly more content in this post-election survey than in previous surveys, two forms for the survey were used. About three-quarters of each form contained common material. Form A contained unique material on evaluation of the president. Form B contained questions on racial attitudes. The two forms were combined into one questionnaire with routing for Form A and B respondents taking place by means of checkpoints. Sample addresses for each segment were randomly assigned to Form A or Form B.

Variable V860009 contains a value of 11-XX-86 which was left unaltered.

This data was produced by the University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies.

Further information about this and other National Election Studies is available on the American National Election Studies Web site.


Sample:    National multistage area probability sample.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    The response rate for this study is 67.7 percent. The study was in the field until January 31, although 67 percent of the interviews were taken by November 25, 80 percent by December 7, and 93 percent by December 31.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1987-05-19

Version History:

  • 2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.
  • 2009-01-09 YYYY-MM-DD Part 1, the Main Data File, incorporates errata that were posted separately under the Fourth ICPSR Edition. Part 2, the Bias Nonresponse Data File, has been added to the data collection, along with corresponding SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files and documentation. The codebook has been updated by adding a technical memorandum on the sampling design of the study previously missing from the codebook. The nonresponse file contains respondent-level field administration variables for those interested in survey nonresponse. The collection now includes files in ASCII, SPSS portable, SAS transport (CPORT), and Stata system formats.
  • 2000-02-21 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. Additionally, the Voter Validation Office Administration Interview File (Expanded Version) has been merged with the main data file, and the codebook and SPSS setup files have been replaced. Also, SAS setup files have been added to the collection, and the data collection instrument is now provided as a PDF file. Two files are no longer being released with this collection: the Voter Validation Office Administration Interview File (Unexpanded Version) and the Results of First Contact With Respondent file.

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