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Class Structure and Class Consciousness: Merged Multi-Nation File (ICPSR 8413)

Principal Investigator(s): Wright, Erik O., et al.


Data collected in these surveys measure how such social concepts as authority, autonomy, and hierarchy relate to the social, economic, and occupational positions of individuals, thus providing a systematic means for analyzing social class structure. A battery of questions addressed work-related issues such as supervision, decision-making, autonomy, respondent's formal position in the hierarchy, ownership, credentials, and income. Other work- related data describe the size, industrial sector, and government or corporate linkages of the individual's employer. Further information was gathered on the class origins of the respondent's family and of the families of the respondent's spouse and friends. Data on class-related experiences such as unemployment and union participation were also collected, as well as data on the division of power and labor in the household. In addition, the survey contained a broad range of questions on social and political attitudes and on the respondent's political participation.

Series: Class Structure and Class Consciousness Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Merged Multi-Nation File - Download All Files (29.074 MB)
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Study Description


Wright, Erik O., et al. CLASS STRUCTURE AND CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS: MERGED MULTI-NATION FILE. Prepared by University of Wisconsin, Institute for Research on Poverty, 1986. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1986. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08413.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08413.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-8208238,SES-7812189, and SES-8318586.)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    authority, class consciousness, education, family background, gender roles, income, job history, occupational status, political attitudes, political participation, property, social attitudes, social classes, social inequality, social stratification, social structure, workers

Geographic Coverage:    Canada, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United States, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1980--1983

Date of Collection:   

  • 1980--1983

Universe:    In United States: Adults 18 years and older who were either working, not working but wanting to work, or housewives with working spouses. In Sweden: Adults between the ages of 18-65 who were in the work force. In Norway: People between the ages of 16-66 who were either employed, unemployed, or housewives. In Canada: Non-institutionalized and non-disabled adult population between the ages of 15-65 who were either employed, unemployed or housewives. In Finland: Adult population between the ages of 18-65 who were employed, unemployed or housewives.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    In United States: two-stage cluster sample of telephone numbers in the coterminus United States. In Sweden: sample drawn from National Register of the Population. In Norway: stratified random sample. In Canada: multi-stage replicated probability samples. In Finland: stratified random sample from the population register.

Data Source:

personal and telephone interviews, and mail surveys

Restrictions: Background information on each respondent was collected but some of these variable have been recoded to missing data in order to protect the anonymity of the respondents. These variables are described in the documentation available from ICPSR, and researchers interested in these particular variables may request ICPSR to conduct specific data analyses using them. Such requests will be processed according to the standard policies of ICPSR.


Original ICPSR Release:   1985-12-20

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