Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Summary Tape File 3B (ICPSR 8318)

Published: Jan 16, 2008

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census



Version V1

This data collection is a component of Summary Tape File (STF) 3, which consists of four sets of data files containing detailed tabulations of the nation's population and housing characteristics produced from the 1980 Census. The STF 3 files contain sample data inflated to represent the total United States population. The files also contain 100-percent counts and unweighted sample counts of persons and housing units. All files in the STF 3 series are identical, containing 321 substantive data variables organized in the form of 150 "tables," as well as standard geographic identification variables. Population items tabulated for each person include demographic data and information on schooling, Spanish origin, language spoken at home and ability to speak English, labor force status in 1979, residency in 1975, number of children ever born, means of transportation to work, current occupation, industry, and 1979 details on occupation, hours worked, and income. Housing items include size and condition of the housing unit as well as information on value, age, water, sewage and heating, number of vehicles, and monthly owner costs (e.g., sum of payments for real estate taxes, property insurance, utilities, and regular mortgage payments). Selected aggregates and medians are also provided. Each dataset in STF 3 provides different geographic coverage. Summary Tape File 3B provides summaries for each 5-digit ZIP-code area within a state, and for 5-digit ZIP-code areas within states that were contained within Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs), portions of SMSAs, or within counties, county portions, or county equivalents. All persons and housing units in the United States were sampled. Population and housing items include household relationship, sex, race, age, marital status, Hispanic origin, number of units at address, complete plumbing facilities, number of rooms, whether owned or rented, vacancy status, and value for noncondominiums. The Census Bureau's machine-readable data dictionary for STF 3 is also available through CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: CENSUS SOFTWARE PACKAGE (CENSPAC) VERSION 3.2 WITH STF4 DATA DICTIONARIES (ICPSR 7789), the software package designed specifically by the Census Bureau for use with the 1980 Census data files.

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Summary Tape File 3B. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-01-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08318.v1

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research



There is one file for each state. Each file has a conceptual logical record length of 12,096 characters with six physical record segments of 2,016 characters each. The number of records varies by state.

All persons and housing units in the United States (including the District of Columbia) in 1980.

self-enumerated questionnaires

census/enumeration data



2008-01-16 SAS and SPSS setup files have been added to this data collection.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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