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ANES 1984 Time Series Study (ICPSR 8298)

Alternate Title:   American National Election Study, 1984

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E., University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Part 1 of this collection contains the traditional Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR Version). Interviews were conducted in person prior to the 1984 election. In the post-election wave, half of the respondents were randomly assigned to be reinterviewed in person, and the other half to be reinterviewed by telephone using a shortened version of the questionnaire. In addition to the standard core questions, new topic areas (most of which had been piloted in 1983) included measures of "predispositions" such as economic individualism and egalitarianism, and group identification items. Vote validation data also are provided. Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984, Through December 31, 1984, was designed to examine the impact of the election campaign on voters' perceptions, beliefs, and preferences. Respondents were questioned about their knowledge of the candidates' stands on the issues, about their own stand on the issues, and about their opinions and evaluations of the candidates. Interviews were conducted by telephone throughout the year, with a total of 46 separate cross-section samples selected by a random-digit dialing design, and an average of 76 respondents interviewed in each of the 46 sample weeks. Although the survey instrument was very much the same from one sample week to the next, some questions were deleted and others added during the course of the campaign, as issues became more or less relevant. Thirteen versions of the questionnaire were incorporated into this data file. For each telephone number selected in the Continuous Monitoring Study administrative information is included, such as number of calls, household composition, and final disposition.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR Version) - Download All Files (55.385 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
Analyze Online:
DS2:  Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984, Through December 31, 1984 - Download All Files (26.586 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1984 Time Series Study. ICPSR08298-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08298.v4

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08298.v4

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, public policy, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voter preferences, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1984

Date of Collection:   

  • 1984

Universe:    All United States households, including civilian households residing on military bases, in all 50 states.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The SAS transport files were created using the SAS CPORT procedure.


Sample:    Multistage probability sample of geographically defined sampling units.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1985-01-11

Version History:

  • 2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.
  • 2000-10-05 An errata sheet that describes minor changes in the data has been added to Part 1, Pre-and Post-Election Survey, and the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were replaced. For Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984 through December 31, 1984, the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were also replaced. The codebooks are in ASCII text format, not Portable Document Format (PDF) as was previously announced.

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