ANES 1984 Time Series Study (ICPSR 8298)

Published: Nov 10, 2015

Principal Investigator(s):
Warren E. Miller, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies


Version V4

American National Election Study, 1984

This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Part 1 of this collection contains the traditional Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR Version). Interviews were conducted in person prior to the 1984 election. In the post-election wave, half of the respondents were randomly assigned to be reinterviewed in person, and the other half to be reinterviewed by telephone using a shortened version of the questionnaire. In addition to the standard core questions, new topic areas (most of which had been piloted in 1983) included measures of "predispositions" such as economic individualism and egalitarianism, and group identification items. Vote validation data also are provided. Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984, Through December 31, 1984, was designed to examine the impact of the election campaign on voters' perceptions, beliefs, and preferences. Respondents were questioned about their knowledge of the candidates' stands on the issues, about their own stand on the issues, and about their opinions and evaluations of the candidates. Interviews were conducted by telephone throughout the year, with a total of 46 separate cross-section samples selected by a random-digit dialing design, and an average of 76 respondents interviewed in each of the 46 sample weeks. Although the survey instrument was very much the same from one sample week to the next, some questions were deleted and others added during the course of the campaign, as issues became more or less relevant. Thirteen versions of the questionnaire were incorporated into this data file. For each telephone number selected in the Continuous Monitoring Study administrative information is included, such as number of calls, household composition, and final disposition.

Miller, Warren E., and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1984 Time Series Study. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-10.

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote

National Science Foundation



The SAS transport files were created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

Multistage probability sample of geographically defined sampling units.

All United States households, including civilian households residing on military bases, in all 50 states.

survey data



2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.

2000-10-05 An errata sheet that describes minor changes in the data has been added to Part 1, Pre-and Post-Election Survey, and the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were replaced. For Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984 through December 31, 1984, the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were also replaced. The codebooks are in ASCII text format, not Portable Document Format (PDF) as was previously announced.

1985-01-11 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

ICPSR logo

This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.