National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Evaluation of Intensive Probation in Milwaukee, 1980-1981 (ICPSR 8276)

Principal Investigator(s): Romm, Joseph


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results and impact of a two-year experiment in innovative probation practices in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After being classified according to the Wisconsin risk and needs assessment scale, individuals who had been sentenced to probation between January 2, 1980 and June 30, 1981 and had reported to the probation department for intake were randomly assigned to one of eight experimental and control groups. The experiment was limited to adult residents of Milwaukee County who were not already on probation, were not judged to be severe psychotic or severe sex-deviant cases, and were not assigned to jail work-release sentences of more than ten days followed by probation (Huber cases). There are three files in this data collection: the Reassessment file, the Admissions/Terminations file, and the Chronological file. Each case in the Reassessment and Admissions/Terminations files represents data on an individual probationer. There are 84 variables for 1343 cases in the Reassessment file and 218 variables for 1922 cases in the Admissions/Terminations file, both files have logical record lengths of 100 characters. Of the 1922 cases for which admissions data were collected (about 133 variables), 397 cases also have termination data available (an additional 85 variables). Cases in the Chronological file are records of probation agent contacts with probationers over the course of the study. There are 17 variables for 47,169 cases (contacts) in this file which includes information on 1781 probationers. As many as 270 contacts with a single probationer are recorded. This file has a logical record length of 80.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Chronological Data - Download All Files (6.804 MB)
DS2:  Termination Data - Download All Files (4.016 MB)
DS3:  Reassessment Data - Download All Files (3.28 MB)

Study Description


Romm, Joseph. EVALUATION OF INTENSIVE PROBATION IN MILWAUKEE, 1980-1981. Bethesda, MD: System Sciences, Inc. [producer], 1982. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1985.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (J-LEAA-027-78)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    criminal justice system, probation, probation conditions, probation officers, probationers, program evaluation

Geographic Coverage:    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States

Data Type(s):    experimental data



Original ICPSR Release:   1985-10-09

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB8276.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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