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Electoral and Demographic Data, 1848-1876: Massachusetts (ICPSR 8242)

Principal Investigator(s): Baum, Dale


This data collection contains electoral and demographic data for Massachusetts counties and cities during 1848-1876. The data for this collection were compiled to study electoral changes in Massachusetts politics during the Civil War period and to link the changes to socioeconomic determinants of support for the Republican and Democratic parties. Specific variables include number of voters for specific years and demographic information such as number of males and females and number of males employed in certain trades. Electoral data consists of election results.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

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Study Description


Baum, Dale. Electoral and Demographic Data, 1848-1876: Massachusetts. ICPSR08242-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-11-20. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08242.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08242.v2

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    American Civil War, census data, cities, counties, Democratic Party (USA), election returns, historical data, local elections, nineteenth century, political change, political parties, political history, Republican Party (USA), socioeconomic indicators, state elections, voting behavior, voting patterns

Geographic Coverage:    Massachusetts, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1848--1876

Date of Collection:   

  • 1974--1978

Universe:    Information about all Massachusetts cities and towns from 1848-1876, taken from from election returns, data from Massachusetts state censuses, Massachusetts General Court reports, data from the Archives of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, and data from the Massachusetts Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data


Data Source:

election returns, 1855, 1865, and 1875 Massachusetts state censuses, Massachusetts General Court reports, Archives of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, and Massachusetts Bureau of Labor Statistics

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-07-16

Version History:

  • 2009-11-20 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.

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