Early Identification of the Chronic Offender, [1978-1980: California] (ICPSR 8226)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Rudy A. Haapanen; Carl F. Jesness


Version V1

Patterns of adult criminal behavior are examined in this data collection. Data covering the adult years of peak criminal activity (from approximately 18 to 26 years of age) were obtained from samples of delinquent youths who had been incarcerated in three California Youth Authority institutions during the 1960s: Preston, Fricot, and the Northern California Youth Center. Data were obtained from three sources: official arrest records of the California Bureau of Criminal Investigation and Identification (CII), supplementary data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the California Bureau of Vital Statistics. Follow-up data were collected between 1978 and 1981. There are two files per sample site. The first is a background data file containing information obtained while the subjects were housed in Youth Authority institutions, and the second is a follow-up history offense file containing data from arrest records. Each individual is identified by a unique ID number, which is the same in the background and offense history files.

Haapanen, Rudy A., and Jesness, Carl F. Early Identification of the Chronic Offender, [1978-1980:  California]  . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08226.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-IJ-AX-0114)

1978 -- 1980

1978 -- 1981

The sample was selected from juvenile inmates who were incarcerated in the 1960s in three institutions of the California Youth Authority: Preston (N = 1,715), Northern California Youth Center (N = 982), and Fricot (N = 210).

All juvenile inmates in California who were incarcerated in the 1960s in institutions of the California Youth Authority.

inmate files of the California Youth Authority, and official arrest records of the California Bureau of Criminal Investigation, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the California Bureau of Vital Statistics

administrative records data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

1985-12-20 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.