Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime, 1948-1977 [Racine, Wisconsin]: City Ecological Data (ICPSR 8164)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Lyle W. Shannon


Version V2

These data, intended for use in conjunction with JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND ADULT CRIME, 1948-1977 [RACINE, WISCONSIN]: THREE BIRTH COHORTS (ICPSR 8163), are organized into two different types: Block data and Home data. Part 1, Block Data, contains the characteristics of each block in Racine for the years 1950, 1960, and 1970 as selected from the United States Census of Housing for each of these years. The data are presented for whole blocks for each year and for blocks agglomerated into equal spaces so that comparison may be made between the 1950, 1960, and 1970 data. In addition, land use and target density (gas stations, grocery and liquor stores, restaurants, and taverns) measures are included. The data were obtained from land use maps and city directories. These block data have been aggregated into census tracts, police grid areas, natural areas, and neighborhoods for the purpose of describing the spatial units of each in comparable fashion for 1950, 1960, and 1970. The information contained within the Block Data file is intended to be used to merge ecological data with any of the files described in the ICPSR 8163 codebook. The Home datasets (Parts 2-6) contain selected variables from the Block Data file merged with the Cohort Police Contact data or the Cohort Interview data from ICPSR 8163. The Home datasets represent the merged files used by the principal investigators for their analysis and are included here only as examples of how the files from ICPSR 8163 may be merged with the Block data.

Shannon, Lyle W. Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime, 1948-1977 [Racine, Wisconsin]: City Ecological Data. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08164.v2

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0081)

1948 -- 1977

1948 -- 1980

The dates indicated in the file names refer to the dates in the ICPSR 8163 dataset. Racine, Wisconsin, area maps are available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR. Users of the data with questions regarding this study or ICPSR 8163 should contact Professor Lyle W. Shannon, Iowa Urban Community Research Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242.

Not applicable.

Residents of Racine, Wisconsin, in 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1976.

(1) Racine, Wisconsin, City Directory addresses and land use maps for 1950, 1960, and 1970. (2) United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF HOUSING, 1970: BLOCK STATISTICS. Final Report HC(3)-272, for the Racine, Wisconsin, Urbanized Area.

aggregate data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1984-07-12 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.