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Survey of Income and Education, 1976: Rectangular File (ICPSR 7919)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection is a modified version of the original SURVEY OF INCOME AND EDUCATION, 1976 (ICPSR 7634). While the original files were hierarchically structured, this file is rectangular in structure. All of the household and person records were included in the rectangular file, but none of the family records. The household variables were placed at the beginning of each corresponding person record. The survey was conducted during the months of April through July of 1976 by the Census Bureau for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. It served as a supplement to the yearly Current Population Survey and was conducted to obtain reliable state-by-state data on the numbers of children in local areas with family incomes below the federal poverty level. The information was used by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to facilitate Title 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The survey includes questions used in the Current Population Survey and also contains additional exclusive questions covering school enrollment, disability, health insurance, bilingualism, food stamp recipiency, assets, and housing costs. This collection was provided by the National Chicano Research Network, which was located at the Survey Research Center of the Institute of Social Research, University of Michigan.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. SURVEY OF INCOME AND EDUCATION, 1976: RECTANGULAR FILE. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, and University of Michigan, National Chicano Research Network. ICPSR07919-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1981. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07919.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07919.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    bilingualism, census data, children, civil rights, disabilities, education, educational needs, enrollments, families, family income, financial assets, food programs, health insurance, households, housing costs, income, jobs, minorities, occupational mobility, occupational status, poverty, public assistance programs, school age children, social services, socioeconomic status, states (USA)

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:   

  • 1976

Date of Collection:   

  • 1976-04--1976-07

Universe:    All occupied housing units, most vacant units, and group quarters such as rooming houses, communes, military installations, religious group quarters, college dormitories, and agricultural workers' quarters.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    The sample consisted of 51 state samples in almost 1,000 sampling areas.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-28

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