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Survey of Income and Education, 1976: Welfare Extract (ICPSR 7918)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection, focusing on the welfare and public support system, contains information from the SURVEY OF INCOME AND EDUCATION, 1976 (ICPSR 7634), conducted during the months of April through July of 1976 by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The survey served as a supplement to the yearly Current Population Survey and was conducted to obtain reliable state-by-state data on the numbers of children in local areas with family incomes below the federal poverty level. The information was used to facilitate Title 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The survey includes questions used in the Current Population Survey and also contains additional exclusive questions covering school enrollment, disability, health insurance, bilingualism, food stamp recipiency, assets, and housing costs. The National Chicano Research Network created this extract by including only those cases for people who received either of the following types of support: food stamps in 1975 or 1976, public housing, government rent subsidy, railroad retirement, United States government SSI, aid to families with dependent children, other public assistance, Medicaid, veteran's assistance, neighborhood health center, free or low-cost clinic, other public source, or any public assistance or welfare the previous month. The 110 variables used from SURVEY OF INCOME AND EDUCATION, 1976: RECTANGULAR FILE (ICPSR 7919) were mostly demographic, income-related, and employment-related variables. The data were provided by the National Chicano Research Network, which was located at the Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

Access Notes

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. SURVEY OF INCOME AND EDUCATION, 1976: WELFARE EXTRACT. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, and University of Michigan, National Chicano Research Network. ICPSR07918-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1981. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07918.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07918.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    bilingualism, census data, children, civil rights, disabilities, education, enrollments, families, family income, financial assets, food programs, government services, health care facilities, health insurance, households, housing costs, housing programs, income, jobs, low income groups, minorities, occupational mobility, poverty, public assistance programs, school age children, social services, socioeconomic status, states (USA), welfare services

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:   

  • 1976

Date of Collection:   

  • 1976-04--1976-07

Universe:    All occupied housing units, most vacant units, and group quarters such as rooming houses, communes, military installations, religious group quarters, college dormitories, and agricultural workers' quarters.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    The sample consisted of 51 state samples in almost 1,000 sampling areas.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-28



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