This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Wildlife Recreation Survey, 1975 (ICPSR 7787)

Principal Investigator(s): Rothschild, Beth B.


This dataset contains survey data from the first phase of a two-phase study of the use and enjoyment of hunting, fishing, and associated wildlife recreation resources in the United States in 1975. Data were gathered about 322,908 individuals of all ages throughout the United States via telephone surveys conducted with heads of households (or if not possible, a knowledgeable household member over 18 years of age) who were asked questions about all members in the household. The study's 33 variables measure the amount of target shooting, plinking, firearm and bow hunting, fishing, photographing, crabbing, clamming, shell collecting, and wildlife observation each person engaged in during 1975. There are also several demographic variables, e.g., age, gender, state of residence, household size and income, and money spent on equipment for observing wildlife. The second phase of this survey, which is captured in the related dataset NATIONAL HUNTING AND FISHING SURVEY, 1975 (ICPSR 7772), contains data from a more detailed mail survey of a sample of hunters and fishermen drawn from the telephone sample in this study.

Series: National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (26.272 MB)

Study Description


Rothschild, Beth B. Wildlife Recreation Survey, 1975. ICPSR07787-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1980. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07787.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07787.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of the Interior

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    demographic characteristics, fishing, human behavior, hunting, leisure, outdoor recreation, public opinion, recreation, states (USA), target shooting, time utilization

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1975

Date of Collection:   

  • 1976

Universe:    Persons living in the United States with telephones.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This study was conducted by a research company representing the United States Department of the Interior. Gathering information on the use and enjoyment of fish and wildlife resources was authorized by the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956.


Sample:    A probability sample of telephone exchanges in each of the 50 United States was drawn and distributed throughout each state. Depending on the proportion of the metro/non-metro residents, the number of metro to non-metro exchanges was selected on a 1:1 (nine states), 1:3 (seven states), or 1:2 (all other states) ratio, in order to enhance the possibility of identifying more hunters and fishermen for the follow-up mail survey phase (ICPSR 7772). Then a systematic random sample was drawn from all the four-digit numbers within the random banks of all sample exchanges. The subsequent seven-digit telephone numbers were then randomized within each state. A sufficient number of private-household telephone numbers was generated to allow the completion of approximately 2,000 household telephone interviews per state (with some exceptions), for a total of 106,294 households.

Data Source:

telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics