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Michigan Election Returns, 1978: Precinct-Level Data from the November General Election (ICPSR 7785)

Principal Investigator(s): Michigan Department of State


Included in this study are the aggregate election returns for each of Michigan's more than 6,700 precincts and Absentee Voter Counting Boards for the 1978 general election. These data are essentially similar to precinct-level data obtained for previous elections and were also supplied by the Elections Division of the Michigan Department of State. For 1978, however, two separate data files have been created, one for the August 8 primary election (see MICHIGAN ELECTION RETURNS, 1978: PRECINCT-LEVEL DATA FROM THE AUGUST GENERAL ELECTION [ICPSR 7771]) and one for the November 6 general election (contained in this dataset). Offices voted upon in the general election include governor, secretary of state, attorney general, United States representative, United States senator, state senator and representative, superintendent of the state board of education, Supreme Court justice, and regents of the three major state universities, as well as 11 statewide proposals (referenda). Along with vote counts for each office (or proposal), the dataset contains information on voting method (e.g., paper ballot, automatic, shoup, or data card), as well as on the county, city or township, ward, and precinct in which votes were cast. Designations for appellate court, senatorial, congressional, and state legislative districts are also included.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (11.444 MB)

Study Description


Michigan Department of State. MICHIGAN ELECTION RETURNS, 1978: PRECINCT-LEVEL DATA FROM THE NOVEMBER GENERAL ELECTION. Lansing, MI: Michigan Dept. of State [producer], 1979. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1980. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07785.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07785.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), constitutional amendments, election returns, election precincts, gubernatorial elections, national elections, political behavior, referendum, state elections, vote count, voting behavior, Michigan, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1978-11

Date of Collection:   

  • 1978-11

Universe:    Votes cast in the Michigan general election on November 6, 1978.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

Included are one card each for office codes 00, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 13, and 18, and two cards per precinct for office codes 09, 10, 11, 12, and 14.


Data Source:

election returns


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-20


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