Michigan Election Returns, 1978: Precinct-Level Data from the November General Election (ICPSR 7785)

Published: Feb 16, 1992

Principal Investigator(s):
Michigan Department of State


Version V1

Included in this study are the aggregate election returns for each of Michigan's more than 6,700 precincts and Absentee Voter Counting Boards for the 1978 general election. These data are essentially similar to precinct-level data obtained for previous elections and were also supplied by the Elections Division of the Michigan Department of State. For 1978, however, two separate data files have been created, one for the August 8 primary election (see MICHIGAN ELECTION RETURNS, 1978: PRECINCT-LEVEL DATA FROM THE AUGUST GENERAL ELECTION [ICPSR 7771]) and one for the November 6 general election (contained in this dataset). Offices voted upon in the general election include governor, secretary of state, attorney general, United States representative, United States senator, state senator and representative, superintendent of the state board of education, Supreme Court justice, and regents of the three major state universities, as well as 11 statewide proposals (referenda). Along with vote counts for each office (or proposal), the dataset contains information on voting method (e.g., paper ballot, automatic, shoup, or data card), as well as on the county, city or township, ward, and precinct in which votes were cast. Designations for appellate court, senatorial, congressional, and state legislative districts are also included.

Michigan Department of State. Michigan Election Returns, 1978:  Precinct-Level Data from the November General Election. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07785.v1

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Included are one card each for office codes 00, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 13, and 18, and two cards per precinct for office codes 09, 10, 11, 12, and 14.

Votes cast in the Michigan general election on November 6, 1978.

election returns

aggregate data




  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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