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Political Action: An Eight Nation Study, 1973-1976 (ICPSR 7777)

Principal Investigator(s): Barnes, Samuel H., University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies; Kaase, Max


The wave of unrest of the late 1960s and early 1970s in advanced industrial societies provided the impetus for this cross-national study of conventional and unconventional forms of political participation. This is an integrated dataset of national sample surveys that were conducted via personal interview during 1973-1976 in eight nations: Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, United States, Italy, Switzerland, and Finland. Part 1 contains data gathered in a cross-section sample from 12,588 respondents 16 years of age and over. Part 2 contains data gathered from 1,635 parent-child pairs (with the child being 16-20 years of age) who were part of the first sample and who were further interviewed. The surveys focused on various forms and combinations of political activity ranging from voting to protest actions, and on individual propensities to perform these activities. Among the factors explored in the surveys as contributors to those political activities are personal satisfaction and deprivation, interest in politics, perception of over- and underprivileged groups, left-wing/right-wing self-placement, political attitudes and values, materialist/post-materialist standards, voting behavior, conventional political participation, subjective social class, system responsiveness, political efficacy, attitudes toward young people, ideological sophistication, and satisfaction with government's political, social, and economic policies. Demographic data collected from respondents include age, sex, ethnic origin, number of siblings, father's occupation, family's wealth when young, parents' political preference and education, respondent's religious activity, marital status, number of children, educational level, employment status, organizational membership, current occupation, union membership, and personal, family, and desired income.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Cross-Section - Download All Files (87.208 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Parent-Child Pairs - Download All Files (24.31 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Barnes, Samuel H., and Max Kaase. Political Action: An Eight Nation Study, 1973-1976. ICPSR07777-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-04-05. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07777.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07777.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom)
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)
  • Tilburg University (Netherlands)
  • Austrian Science Fund
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)
  • Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique (Switzerland)
  • Academy of Finland. Social Science Research Council
  • United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    beliefs, cultural values, family relationships, income, life satisfaction, political action, political affiliation, political awareness, political efficacy, political ideologies, political participation, social attitudes, trust in government, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Austria, Europe, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland, United States, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1973--1976

Date of Collection:   

  • 1973--1976

Universe:    Persons aged 16 and over in Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, United States, Italy, Switzerland, and Finland.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) These data were processed by the Zentralarchiv fuer empirische Sozialforschung at the University of Cologne in cooperation with ICPSR on the basis of eight surveys carried out independently. Although a common set of questions had been agreed upon by the principal investigators, the eight questionnaires showed a considerable amount of diversity with respect to sequence of questions and coding. Therefore, prior to any data processing, a "common core" of the eight surveys was defined by including any question asked in at least three of the eight surveys, making an "integrated" dataset. (2) More detailed technical descriptions (than provided by this dataset's codebook) of sampling procedures, interviewer characteristics, and comparisons of the sample estimate with known population characteristics have been deposited with the Zentralarchiv.


Sample:    National multistage probability samples were used to select a valid cross-section of the population 16 years of age and over in each of the eight countries making up the study's universe. In addition to the cross-section sample, interviews were carried out to provide information on parent-child pairs. In sample households that contained at least one 16- to 20-year-old member, in addition to the respondent selected by the usual household listing selection procedure, a supplementary interview was conducted with the respective other member of the pair.

Data Source:

personal interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-20

Version History:

  • 2006-04-05 This study has been updated from OSIRIS and now includes SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, a SAS transport (XPORT) file, a SPSS portable file, and a Stata system file for both parts.

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