Police Response Time Analysis, 1975 (ICPSR 7760)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Kansas City, Missouri, Police Department


Version V1

This is a study of the relationship between the amount of time taken by police to respond to calls for service and the outcomes of criminal and noncriminal incidents in Kansas City, Missouri. Outcomes were evaluated in terms of police effectiveness and citizen satisfaction. Response time data were generated by timing telephone and radio exchanges on police dispatch tapes. Police travel time was measured and recorded by highly trained civilian observers. To assess satisfaction with police service, personal and telephone interviews were conducted with victims and witnesses who had made the calls to the police.

Kansas City, Missouri, Police Department. Police Response Time Analysis, 1975. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07760.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (73-NI-99-0047, 77-NI-99-0016)

1975-03 -- 1975-12

1975-03 -- 1975-12

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Sixty-nine police beats within the three patrol divisions of Kansas City, Missouri, were selected on the basis of their high rates of robbery and aggravated assaults. These police beats seemed likely to produce a higher proportion of the types of calls desired for the analysis.

Police actions in response to calls in Kansas City, Missouri.

(1) personal interviews, (2) telephone interviews, and (3) police dispatch tapes

event/transaction data, and survey data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 25 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1984-03-18 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.