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Survey of Health Services Utilization and Expenditures, 1970 (ICPSR 7740)

Principal Investigator(s): Center for Health Administration Studies; National Opinion Research Center


This national survey was conducted to compare health services utilization and expenditures in 1970 with results of similar studies done in 1953, 1958, and 1964. In the survey, respondents from 3,763 families plus additional older individuals -- a total of 11,619 persons -- were interviewed in 1971. One or more persons in each family provided information regarding use of health services, the cost of such services, and how these costs were met for the calendar year 1970. Information was also collected on perceptions of illness and health, attitudes and opinions about medical care in the United States, and health beliefs. An attempt was made to verify all hospital admissions, physician visits, and insurance reports and claims. These verifications had two purposes: first, to determine if the reported care was, in fact, provided during the survey year, and second, to elicit more precise information than the families were likely to give on diagnoses, costs, kinds of treatment, and sources of payment for services. Verification data were obtained for over 90 percent of the hospital admissions and for two-thirds of the physician visits. Demographic data were also collected, including age, sex, race, education, occupation, income, and place of residence.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Center for Health Administration Studies/National Opinion Research Center. SURVEY OF HEALTH SERVICES UTILIZATION AND EXPENDITURES, 1970. Conducted by University of Chicago, Center for Health Administration Studies/National Opinion Research Center. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1981. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07740.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07740.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    aging population, demographic characteristics, health attitudes, health behavior, health care costs, health care services, health expenditures, health insurance, health policy, hospitalization, insurance claims, insurance coverage, Medicaid, medical care, medical evaluation, Medicare, mental health services, older adults, payments, public opinion, rural population, satisfaction, socioeconomic status, treatment, underclass

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1970

Date of Collection:   

  • 1971

Universe:    The total noninstitutionalized population of the United States in 1970.

Data Type(s):    survey data, and administrative records data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR. (2) This collection was obtained by ICPSR from the Machine-Readable Records Division, National Archives and Records Service.


Sample:    The probability sample selected to represent the universe consisted of 3,763 families plus additional older individuals, for a total of 11,619 persons. The inner-city poor, the aged, and rural residents were overrepresented in the sample design so that these groups of particular policy interest could be examined in detail. Weights were developed to allow for estimates to be made for the total noninstitutionalized population of the United States. The dataset may be condensed from a "per person" basis to a "per family" basis by excluding 115 cases (in which only family members aged 66 and over were selected and interviewed as sample persons while little or no information was collected for remaining family members) listed by identification numbers in the notes.

Data Source:

personal interviews, self-enumerated questionnaires, and third-party "verification" checks

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-03

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