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Cost of Living of Industrial Workers in the United States and Europe, 1888-1890 (ICPSR 7711)

Principal Investigator(s): Haines, Michael R., Colgate University


These data were gathered in order to determine the cost of living as well as the cost of production in selected industries in the United States and several Western European countries. The study is comprised of nine industries (cotton and woolen textiles, glass, pig iron, bar iron, steel, bituminous coal, coke, and iron ore) and contains family-level information on the household composition, income and expenditures of workers in these industries. Additional topics covered include sources of income, ages and sex of children, detailed occupation of the household head, detailed expenditures for food as well as nonfood items, and characteristics of the family's dwelling units.

Series: Cost of Living Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Analytic Variables - Download All Files (39.896 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Interviewer Comments - Download All Files (2.32 MB)

Study Description


Haines, Michael R. COST OF LIVING OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE, 1888-1890. ICPSR07711-v4. Hamilton, NY: Michael R. Haines, Colgate University [producer], 2006. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-12-07. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07711.v4

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07711.v4

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    blue collar workers, cost of living, economic indicators, expenses, families, household composition, household expenditures, households, income, industrial production, industry, nineteenth century, urban population, working class

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Europe, France, Germany, Great Britain, Switzerland, United States, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1888--1890

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Industrial workers and their families in 24 states in the United States and in 5 European nations (France, Germany, Great Britain, Switzerland, and Belgium).

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Units of measurement for variables describing income, expenditure, and goods consumed can be found in the codebook. (2) For variable OCC464 (464 Occupation Codes) the following codes are undocumented: 206, 207, 247, and 503. (3) The data file for Part 2 is a text file containing interviewer comments which provide additional information about the household. There are no setup files to accompany the Part 2 data file.


Data Source:

(1) SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF LABOR, 1890. COST OF PRODUCTION: IRON, STEEL, COAL, ETC. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1891, and (2) SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF LABOR, 1891. COST OF PRODUCTION: THE TEXTILES AND GLASS. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1892


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-07-13

Version History:

  • 2006-12-07 The Analytic Variables data file has been revised to correct various discrepancies found in the original file. Additional data including various average price indices, were also added to the file as well as SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The original codebooks are now available in PDF format.

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