Cost of Living of Industrial Workers in the United States and Europe, 1888-1890 (ICPSR 7711)

Published: Dec 7, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Michael R. Haines, Colgate University


Version V4

These data were gathered in order to determine the cost of living as well as the cost of production in selected industries in the United States and several Western European countries. The study is comprised of nine industries (cotton and woolen textiles, glass, pig iron, bar iron, steel, bituminous coal, coke, and iron ore) and contains family-level information on the household composition, income and expenditures of workers in these industries. Additional topics covered include sources of income, ages and sex of children, detailed occupation of the household head, detailed expenditures for food as well as nonfood items, and characteristics of the family's dwelling units.

Haines, Michael R. Cost of Living of Industrial Workers in the United States and Europe, 1888-1890. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-12-07.

Export Citation:

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1888 -- 1890

(1) Units of measurement for variables describing income, expenditure, and goods consumed can be found in the codebook. (2) For variable OCC464 (464 Occupation Codes) the following codes are undocumented: 206, 207, 247, and 503. (3) The data file for Part 2 is a text file containing interviewer comments which provide additional information about the household. There are no setup files to accompany the Part 2 data file.

Industrial workers and their families in 24 states in the United States and in 5 European nations (France, Germany, Great Britain, Switzerland, and Belgium).


(1) SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF LABOR, 1890. COST OF PRODUCTION: IRON, STEEL, COAL, ETC. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1891, and (2) SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF LABOR, 1891. COST OF PRODUCTION: THE TEXTILES AND GLASS. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1892

survey data



2006-12-07 The Analytic Variables data file has been revised to correct various discrepancies found in the original file. Additional data including various average price indices, were also added to the file as well as SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The original codebooks are now available in PDF format.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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