U.S. and U.S.S.R. Crises, 1946-1976 (ICPSR 7702)

Published: Jan 18, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Inc.-Federal CACI, CACI, Inc.-Federal


Version V1

This data collection contains three files of United States and Soviet crises data that focus on behavior and policy responses that took place after international crises occurring in 1946-1976. The dataset contains one file of crises that were considered to be of concern to the Soviet Union, 1946-1975 (Part 1), and two files of crises data that were of concern to the United States, 1946-1976 (Parts 2 and 3). The data in Part 1 encompass 386 crises, including a subset of 101 crises (1956-1975) chosen for intensive coding. Variables include 29 general characteristics coded for the 386 crises. The subset crises were selected because of their relation to the Soviet policy process and are associated with variables for 43 Soviet management problems, 59 Soviet objectives, and 64 Soviet actions. Part 2 contains 307 crises coded into 21 crises characteristics. Part 3 contains a subset of 101 crises chosen for intensive coding from the 307 crises in Part 2. The 101 crises are associated with variables for 79 United States management problems, 48 United States objectives, and 57 United States actions. The variables for all three parts of the data collection were designed to answer questions concerning the crisis event (who, when, how did it turn out), Soviet or United States actions (what), objectives (why), and problems (what went wrong). Differences between United States and Soviet crises concerns and behavior rendered many variables drawn from research on the United States inapplicable to the Soviet research. Therefore, not all specific variables in the United States data collection are contained in the data collection for the Soviet Union and vice versa.

CACI, Inc.-Federal. U.S. and U.S.S.R. Crises, 1946-1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-18. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07702.v1

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International crises occurring between 1945-1976 that were of concern to the United States and the Soviet Union.

Soviet Union data: Soviet media sources and Western media sources, United States data: Western media sources

event/transaction data



2006-01-18 File CB7702 was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

1984-05-03 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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