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Outdoor Recreation Survey, 1977: General Population Survey (ICPSR 7679)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of the Interior


This data collection contains telephone survey responses from June 1977, when a representative national sample of 4,079 persons was selected and interviewed by the United States Department of the Interior's Bureau of Outdoor Recreation. The purpose of the study was to determine the importance of outdoor recreation to the American people, patterns of recreational land use, trends in recreation, the users of federal land, and the deterrents, satisfactions, and preferences for outdoor recreation. Respondents answered questions about their level of participation in over 30 specific outdoor recreational activities, their level of satisfaction with existing facilities, the importance they placed on having outdoor recreation facilities within walking distance and within one hour's driving distance, how much they used outdoor recreation facilities in each season of the year, the impact of the price of gasoline on the number and duration of auto trips taken to outdoor recreation areas, and preferences for allocation of federal recreation funds in the future. Personal information includes respondents' age, sex, race, highest level of schooling completed, occupation, hours employed per week, number of days of vacation per year, income, urban or rural residence, and household composition. The United State Department of the Interior also conducted a separate but related survey during the same year on a national sample of respondents in person at 153 federal recreation areas (see OUTDOOR RECREATION SURVEY, 1977: FEDERAL ESTATE SURVEY [ICPSR 7680]). The primary reason for conducting two separate studies was to ensure representative samples for comparing recreation characteristics of the entire citizenry of the United States with those who pursue recreational activities on federal land.

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of the Interior. OUTDOOR RECREATION SURVEY, 1977: GENERAL POPULATION SURVEY. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior [producer], 1977. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07679.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07679.v1

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    automobile use, leisure, natural resources, outdoor recreation, parks, public opinion, recreation, recreation expenses, social behavior, time utilization, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1977

Date of Collection:   

  • 1977-06

Universe:    Individuals aged 12 and older living within the 48 contiguous states in households with telephones.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Stratified random probability sampling was used.

Data Source:

telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

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