Outdoor Recreation Survey, 1977: General Population Survey (ICPSR 7679)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

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United States Department of the Interior


Version V1

This data collection contains telephone survey responses from June 1977, when a representative national sample of 4,079 persons was selected and interviewed by the United States Department of the Interior's Bureau of Outdoor Recreation. The purpose of the study was to determine the importance of outdoor recreation to the American people, patterns of recreational land use, trends in recreation, the users of federal land, and the deterrents, satisfactions, and preferences for outdoor recreation. Respondents answered questions about their level of participation in over 30 specific outdoor recreational activities, their level of satisfaction with existing facilities, the importance they placed on having outdoor recreation facilities within walking distance and within one hour's driving distance, how much they used outdoor recreation facilities in each season of the year, the impact of the price of gasoline on the number and duration of auto trips taken to outdoor recreation areas, and preferences for allocation of federal recreation funds in the future. Personal information includes respondents' age, sex, race, highest level of schooling completed, occupation, hours employed per week, number of days of vacation per year, income, urban or rural residence, and household composition. The United State Department of the Interior also conducted a separate but related survey during the same year on a national sample of respondents in person at 153 federal recreation areas (see OUTDOOR RECREATION SURVEY, 1977: FEDERAL ESTATE SURVEY [ICPSR 7680]). The primary reason for conducting two separate studies was to ensure representative samples for comparing recreation characteristics of the entire citizenry of the United States with those who pursue recreational activities on federal land.

United States Department of the Interior. Outdoor Recreation Survey, 1977:  General Population Survey . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07679.v1

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Stratified random probability sampling was used.

Individuals aged 12 and older living within the 48 contiguous states in households with telephones.

telephone interviews

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • U.S. Dept. of the Interior. OUTDOOR RECREATION SURVEY, 1977: GENERAL POPULATION SURVEY. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior [producer], 1977. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07679.v1


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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