National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1973 (ICPSR 7639)

Alternate Title:   Children in Custody (CIC), 1973

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics


This survey provides information on the characteristics and administration of juvenile detention and correctional facilities. Six types of facilities are covered in this study: (1) detention centers, (2) shelters, (3) reception or diagnostic centers, (4) ranches, forestry camps, and farms, (5) halfway houses and group homes, and (6) training schools. Survey items include facility capacity, number of full-and part-time staff, number of admissions and discharges, average quarterly population, and expenditures by the facility. Data for facility residents include age and sex, and average length of stay.

Series: Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. JUVENILE DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CENSUS, 1973. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR07639-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2008-06-04.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, correctional facilities, crime, criminal justice system, juvenile delinquency

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1972--1973

Date of Collection:   

  • 1973

Universe:    Residential facilities operated by state and local governments as juvenile detention and correctional facilities that were in operation at the time the census was initiated (November 1973), had been in operation at least a month prior to the primary census reference date (June 30, 1973), and had a resident population of at least 50 percent juveniles.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Mode of Data Collection:    self-enumerated questionnaire

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

Version History:

  • 2008-06-04 The data file was updated to include ready-to-go files, and the ASCII codebook was converted to PDF format.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 1996-11-21 SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection.

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