Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976 (ICPSR 7555)

Published: Feb 16, 1992

Principal Investigator(s):
Raymond D. Gastil

Version V1

This data collection contains information gathered in five annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies from 1972-1976. The study was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. The data include assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include four additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied. The rationale used in assigning the seven categories on the continuum of most to least freedom can be found in Appendix III of the codebook, including which civil and political rights were considered critical in order for a nation to garner each rating.

Gastil, Raymond D. Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16.

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South America Papua New Guinea Cambodia Paraguay Syria Latin America Solomon Islands Bahamas Gibralter Montserrat Mali Panama Guadeloupe Virgin Islands of the United States Laos Argentina Falkland Islands Africa Seychelles Zambia Belize Bahrain Guinea-Bissau Namibia Finland Comoros Faroe Islands Netherlands Antilles Yemen Puerto Rico China (Peoples Republic) Madagascar Ivory Coast Libya Western Samoa Sweden Malawi Cocos (Keeling) Islands Andorra Liechtenstein Poland Jordan Bulgaria Tunisia Channel Islands United Arab Emirates Tuvalu Kenya French Polynesia Lebanon Brunei Djibouti Cuba Czech Republic Mauritania Mayotte Israel San Marino Australia Azores Soviet Union Central America Myanmar Cameroon Cyprus Northern Mariana Islands Bermuda Islands Malaysia North America Iceland Global Oman Armenia Gabon Yugoslavia Luxembourg Brazil Turks and Caicos Islands Algeria Colombia Ecuador Vanuatu Italy Honduras Micronesia (Federated States) Nauru Haiti Afghanistan Burundi Singapore French Guiana American Samoa Christmas Island Netherlands Martinique Saint Pierre and Miquelon Reunion Bhutan Romania Togo Philippines Asia Democratic Republic of Congo British Virgin Islands Zimbabwe Pacific Ocean Indonesia Benin Angola Sudan East Timor Portugal New Caledonia North Korea Grenada Greece Cayman Islands Iran Morocco Guatemala Guyana Iraq Chile Nepal Isle of Man Tanzania West Indies Ghana India Canada Maldives Turkey Belgium South Africa Trinidad and Tobago Central African Republic Jamaica Peru Germany Vietnam (Socialist Republic) Easter Island Fiji Tokelau Hong Kong United States Guinea Somalia Chad Sao Tome and Principe Thailand Equatorial Guinea Kiribati Costa Rica Middle East Kuwait Nigeria Sri Lanka Uruguay Cook Islands United Kingdom Switzerland Spain Venezuela Liberia Burkina Faso Swaziland Wallis and Futuna Niue South Korea Austria Mozambique El Salvador Monaco Guam Lesotho Tonga Juan Fernandez Islands Hungary Japan Europe Mauritius Albania Norfolk Island New Zealand Senegal Ethiopia Egypt Sierra Leone Bolivia Malta Saudi Arabia Cape Verde Southeast Asia Pakistan Gambia Ireland Qatar France Niger Rwanda Bangladesh Nicaragua Barbados Norway Botswana Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Macao Denmark Dominican Republic Uganda Mexico Suriname Saint Helena Greenland

1972 -- 1976

The data for five years have been combined to produce one continuous record for each country. Entities that were added to the list or removed from it have been assigned the missing data code for the years that are not relevant. This is somewhat misleading in the case of Vietnam, which upon unification resumed the original code assigned to it before division. Consequently, 815 (Vietnam) has the missing data code for 1972-1975, whereas 816 (North and South Vietnam) are so coded for 1976. The missing data code means "not applicable" rather than "unknown," and corresponds to the absence of information in the original data. "No Change" was coded blank in the original, which leads to ambiguity in the case of countries that appear for the first time, and should presumably be coded "not applicable" for all variables dealing with "change since previous survey." Some, however, show directional change, and the remainder have therefore been coded "no change."

Conducted by Freedom House, New York, NY.

A total of 218 of the world's nations and dependencies of the world.

aggregate data




  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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