National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Search and Seizure Data, 1963 (ICPSR 7539)

Principal Investigator(s): Nagel, Stuart S.


This data collection contains information gathered about search and seizure policies and practices in a 1963 survey administered to one police chief, prosecutor, trial court judge, defense attorney, and American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) official in each of the 50 states. Respondents answered questions about the practices of various criminal justice decision-makers in the handling of search and seizure evidence since the 1961 Supreme Court decision requiring all states to exclude illegally seized evidence from courtroom proceedings. Questions were also asked concerning the knowledge and values of the respondents, and the use of civil and legal action to deter illegal searches. The file also contains non-survey demographic data about the characteristics of each state.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Nagel, Stuart S. SEARCH AND SEIZURE DATA, 1963. ICPSR version. Urbana, IL: Stuart S. Nagel, University of Illinois, Urbana [producer], 1963. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    crime, criminal courts, criminal investigations, criminal justice system, evidence, legal systems, police activity, probable cause, search and seizure, search and seizure laws, states (USA), Supreme Court decisions, trial procedures, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1960--1963

Date of Collection:   

  • 1963-11

Universe:    Police chiefs, prosecutors, trial court judges, defense attorneys, and American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) officials in each of the 50 states.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Of the 250 questionnaire recipients, 113, or 45 percent, sent back usable questionnaires.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-03

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