ICPSR Instructional Subset: American National Election Study, 1976 (ICPSR 7515)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Warren Miller; Arthur Miller



Version V1

This instructional subset study was constructed from items contained in the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1976 (ICPSR 7381), conducted by the Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, the University of Michigan. The survey, the 14th in a series of national election studies begun in 1952, was directed by Warren E. Miller and Arthur H. Miller. Seventy variables from the 1976 election study are contained in this subset. The items chosen report respondents' views on current public issues as well as aspects of the 1976 presidential election campaign. Items probed respondents' opinions of government and public officials, Nixon's pardon, racially integrated schools, the political parties, cut in defense spending, government's control of inflationary trends, unemployment, pollution and energy use, abortion rights, and the Equal Rights Amendments (ERA) to the Constitution. Respondents were also asked to evaluate the 1976 presidential candidates and to indicate their vote choice. Additional items explored respondents' attitudes toward busing, use of marijuana, and gender equality. Also elicited were respondents' perceptions of their financial status relative to the previous year and the following year and their satisfaction with life. Demographic items specify age, sex, education, marital status, political party affiliation, ideological leanings, social class identification, income, religion, and race.

Miller, Warren, and Miller, Arthur. ICPSR Instructional Subset:  American National Election Study, 1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07515.v1

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(1) A weight variable (v70) is included in this subset. The 1976 CPS American National Election Study cross-section sample contains panel cross-section and cross-section only components. The weighting adjusts for different sampling rates of these components. The unweighted N is 2,248. Application of the weight yields an N of 2,868.5. The weight variable must be employed whenever these data are used to obtain a representative cross-section of the voting population of the United States in 1976. Frequencies given in the codebook were calculated using the weight variable (i.e., they are weighted frequencies). (2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

A total of 2,248 voting age persons in the United States in 1976.

Voting age population of the United States in 1976.

personal interviews

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Miller, Warren, and Arthur H. Miller. ICPSR INSTRUCTIONAL SUBSET: AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1976. Conducted by University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07515.v1

1984-05-04 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


  • This study is intended for instructional use, and may be subsets of the original data. Variables and/or cases may have been removed to facilitate classroom use.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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