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Decision Making on Early Retirement, 1965-1969 (ICPSR 7433)

Principal Investigator(s): Barfield, Richard E., University of Michigan; Morgan, James N., University of Michigan


This study, designed by the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, and the Michigan Health and Social Security Research Institute, attempted to identify factors that weighed most heavily in the decision to retire voluntarily. Survey questions investigated attitudes toward employment (including positive or negative evaluation of income earned and of the kind of work done) as well as the evaluation of conditions anticipated under retirement (including satisfaction or dissatisfaction with expected retirement income and appreciation or dislike of leisure). These core items were supplemented with an assessment of situations and attitudes of respondents who were already retired. Part 1 includes data from 1,123 workers in the automobile industry, interviewed in 1967. In Part 2, data from Part 1 are merged with information obtained from 943 auto workers reinterviewed in 1969. The auto workers sample was chosen for its relative homogeneity and recourse to expanded retirement benefits. All respondents in this sample were aged 58-61, members of United Auto Workers, and employed at four automobile companies located in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Part 3 contains data from a cross-section sample of private households, included in this study in an attempt to broaden the investigation by placing the auto workers sample in correlation with a nationally representative sample, diverse in age, income, occupation, and retirement provisions. SURVEY OF CONSUMER FINANCES, 1966 (ICPSR 7446) provided data for 2,419 households, and information about another 1,228 households was obtained from SURVEY OF CONSUMER ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR, SUMMER 1966 (ICPSR 3620). Demographic information includes age, sex, race, marital status, level of education, and religious preference.

Access Notes

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  1967 Auto Workers Sample - Download All Files (13.902 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Merged 1967-1969 Auto Workers Sample - Download All Files (8.805 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  National Sample - Download All Files (9.309 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Barfield, Richard E., and James N. Morgan. Decision Making on Early Retirement, 1965-1969. ICPSR07433-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1979. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07433.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07433.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Social and Rehabilitation Service
  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Social Security Administration

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    automobile industry, decision making, early retirement, employee benefits, leisure, older adults, older workers, retirees, retirement, retirement adjustment, retirement planning, retirement plans, workers

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1965--1969

Date of Collection:   

  • 1966--1969

Universe:    Parts 1 and 2: Workers in the automobile industry born between 1904-1907. Part 3: Households in the contiguous United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Parts 1 and 2: Non-probability sample. Part 3: Multistage area probability sample.

Data Source:

(1) personal interviews, (2) SURVEY OF CONSUMER FINANCES, 1966 (ICPSR 7446), and (3) SURVEY OF CONSUMER ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR, SUMMER 1966 (ICPSR 3620)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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