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Political Socialization in Japan, 1968 (ICPSR 7390)

Principal Investigator(s): Okamura, Tadao


This study surveyed Japanese school children enrolled in grades 3 through 12 in the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Kobe, and Sapporo (large cities), Kanazawa and Nagasaki (medium cities), and in rural areas in the Aomori and Hiroshima prefectures. Questions focused on the attitudes of youth toward Japan's political leaders, their assessment of contemporary problems, such as rising prices and the position of Japan in the world, and their images of the United States and American foreign policy.

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Study Description


Okamura, Tadao. Political Socialization in Japan, 1968. ICPSR07390-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1976. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07390.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07390.v1

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Scope of Study


Sample:    The survey was carried out in eight locations that belonged to one of the following types: (1) Large cities: Kobe, Sapporo, and the suburban (Yamanote) and downtown (Shitamachi) sections of Tokyo. (2) Medium-sized cities: Kanazawa and Nagasaki. (3) Rural areas: rural counties in the Aomori and Hiroshima prefectures. A primary school, a middle school, and a high school were selected at each location, and two classes from each grade level were surveyed. The selection of sites and schools was not based on random sampling, but the eight locations were chosen so as to reflect a variety of aspects of Japan, and the schools were characteristic for each particular area.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

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