American Representation Study, 1958: Candidate and Constituent, Party (ICPSR 7292)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Warren E. Miller, Unknown; Donald E. Stokes, Unknown

Version V1

This dataset belongs to a three-part study on American representation conducted shortly before and after the 1958 congressional election (see also AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATES [ICPSR 7226] and AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATE AND CONSTITUENT, INCUMBENCY [ICPSR 7293]). The survey administered to the candidates was designed to elicit information on what they considered to be the most important issues of the campaign, their views on these issues, and their perceptions of the positions of their constituents. The candidates were also asked what influenced them, and what they felt influenced the outcome of the campaign. Derived measures calculate 85th Congress roll-call scores on social welfare, foreign involvement, and civil rights issues. Roll-call data and information on committee activities of the congressmen are also provided. The two combined candidate and constituent files (this collection and ICPSR 7293) contain the same candidate information as in ICPSR 7226 but are structured around the district as the unit of analysis. This data collection provides candidate and constituent information, organized by party identification of candidates, while ICPSR 7293 is organized by incumbency status of the candidates. In addition to the survey information on the candidates, this collection contains data on constituents taken from the 1956, 1958, and 1960 AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDIES (ICPSR 7214, 7215, and 7216) for 114 of the 146 districts. Demographic information on candidates includes sex, race, year of birth, size of birthplace, highest graduate degree, prior occupations, public offices previously held, several indices of spatial mobility, religious preference, and ethnic background.

Miller, Warren E., and Stokes, Donald E. American Representation Study, 1958:  Candidate and Constituent, Party. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16.

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campaign issues   campaign strategies   candidates   civil rights   communication   congressional candidates   congressional districts   congressional elections (US House)   conservatism   constituencies   decision making   Democratic Party (USA)   demographic characteristics   electoral behavior   foreign policy   government elites   legislators   liberalism   national elections   perceptions   party membership   political affiliation   political elites   political ideologies   political issues   political parties   political partisanship   political perceptions   political representation   politicians   registered voters   Republican Party (USA)   roll call data   social welfare   United States Congress   United States House of Representatives   voter attitudes   voter history   voter interest   voting behavior   voting districts
1958-11 -- 1959-03

1) Sixty-five districts from self-representing primary sampling units (PSUs) and six from non-self-representing PSUs were weighted four times. The remaining 80 districts, all from non-self-representing PSUs, were weighted seven times. The weights produce a sample reflecting the distribution of congressmen and congressional candidates throughout the United States. The 251 candidates were weighted to 1,364. 2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

The sample was drawn from the 187 districts partly or entirely included in the Survey Research Center's sampling frame for AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1958 (ICPSR 7215). From multiple stratification within self-representing and non-self-representing primary sampling units, a total of 151 districts and 285 candidates were selected for inclusion in this study. For a response rate of 88 percent, 251 candidates from 146 districts were actually interviewed.

Incumbents to the 85th United States House of Representatives, their opponents, any third candidates associated with the 1958 congressional elections, and constituents from 114 electoral districts.

personal interviews

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Miller, Warren E., and Donald E. Stokes. AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATE AND CONSTITUENT, PARTY. Conducted by University of Michigan, Survey Research Center. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 197?.

1984-07-06 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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