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Dutch Election Study, 1970-1973 (ICPSR 7261)

Principal Investigator(s): Heunks, Felix; Jennings, M. Kent; Miller, Warren E.; Stouthard, Philip C.; Thomassen, Jacques


This election study was designed as a three-wave panel, with the first wave conducted shortly after the Dutch Provincial Council elections of March 18, 1970 (1,838 respondents), the second wave after the April 1971 parliamentary election (1,262 of the first-wave respondents), and the third wave after the parliamentary election of November 1972 (972 of the original respondents). In addition, a questionnaire was mailed to respondents who had refused an interview in the first or second wave, with a total of 356 responses obtained from this mailing. The study focused on the partisan orientations of the Dutch people. Questions were asked in each wave about party identification, electoral choices in the three parliamentary elections as well as local elections, awareness of candidates, issue importance, and political activities. In addition, Wave Two concentrated on the concept of representation: questions focused on citizens' perceptions of the stance of political parties with respect to national issues such as abortion, civil disturbances, aid to developing nations, income distribution, taxation, and defense spending, as well as respondents' opinions on the responsiveness of representatives to citizen demands. The third wave measured changes in attitudes and opinions during the period covered by the entire study. Many of the questions on public policy stands were repeated. All three waves contain information on respondents' family, sex, religion, marital status, education, and occupation.

Series: Dutch Parliamentary Election Study (DPES) Series

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Study Description


Heunks, Felix, M. Kent Jennings, Warren E. Miller, Philip C. Stouthard, and Jacques Thomassen. DUTCH ELECTION STUDY, 1970-1973. Conducted by University of Tilburg, the Netherlands, and University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1977. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07261.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07261.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, election returns, elections, parliamentary elections, party membership, political interest, political issues, political parties, political perceptions, political representation, voter attitudes

Geographic Coverage:    Europe, Netherlands, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1970--1973

Universe:    Eligible voters from the Netherlands.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook appendix is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    A sample of municipalities was first drawn by stratified random sampling. Criteria for stratification were degree of urbanization, population, and political composition. A random sample of voters was then selected from the municipalities sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews and mailback questionnaires

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-19

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