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United States Supreme Court Justices Biographical Data, 1789-1958 (ICPSR 7240)

Principal Investigator(s): Schmidhauser, John R.


This study contains biographical data on the 92 Supreme Court justices appointed between 1789 and 1958. Potter C. Stewart, appointed in 1958, was the last justice to be included in the study. The study recorded personal data such as place of birth, education, political as well as nonpolitical occupation, legal and judicial experience, age at the time of Supreme Court appointment, ethnic background, and religious affiliation. Other background information on each justice includes party identification, reputation as a frequent dissenter, and the state from which he was appointed. Various aspects of family background such as social and economic status, paternal occupation, and familial traditions of judicial service were also explored.

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Study Description


Schmidhauser, John R. UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JUSTICES BIOGRAPHICAL DATA, 1789-1958. Compiled by John R. Schmidhauser, University of Iowa. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1972. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07240.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07240.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    biographical data, ethnicity, judicial decisions, legal systems, party membership, political affiliation, religion, Supreme Court justices, United States Supreme Court

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1789--1958

Date of Collection:   

  • 1958

Universe:    United States Supreme Court justices appointed between 1789 and 1958.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data


Sample:    The sample in this study consists of the entire population.

Data Source:

DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY, New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1957, and numerous other biographical publications

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-03

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