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German Pre- and Post-Election Study, 1969 (ICPSR 7098)

Principal Investigator(s): Klingemann, Hans D.; Pappi, Franz Urban


This study was conducted in two waves, before and after the election carried out in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1969. The pre-election interview examined in detail the respondents' interest in politics and their sources of political information. The questionnaire also included an inquiry into the major problems facing Germany and the ability of the principal parties to deal with these issues. A number of measures were used to evaluate the political parties, including a series of semantic differential items. Open-ended questions assessed the competence and personal appeal of various politicians. Considerable attention was devoted to the issue orientation of voters, dealing with topics such as the reevaluation of the German mark, recognition of the German Democratic Republic, codetermination, radicalism in the Federal Republic, and other foreign and domestic policy topics. The respondents' voting patterns in the 1965 election and their anticipated behavior in the 1969 election were also ascertained, as well as their expectations about the election outcome. The post-election interview dealt with the respondents' actual voting behavior. Additional information was gathered on the long-term voting history of the respondents and their fathers. Variables probed attitudes toward the new government coalition and perceptions of the tasks ahead for the government. Questions tapping the respondents' evaluations of the political parties and candidates were repeated from the first wave, as well as the items assessing the major problems facing the republic. An additional component of the dataset consists of 1970 Census data for each respondent's community, merged with the respective respondent's survey data. These aggregate environmental variables describe the community in terms of marital status, religion, employment status, and industry of employment. Demographic data for the individual respondent cover age, sex, marital status, occupation, and income.

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Study Description


Klingemann, Hans D., and Franz Urban Pappi. German Pre- and Post-Election Study, 1969. ICPSR07098-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1974. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07098.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07098.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Friedrich Naumann Stiftung (Germany)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    domestic policy, election returns, elections, national elections, party membership, political issues, political participation, political parties, politicians, voter attitudes, voter expectations, voter history, voter interest, voter turnout, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Germany, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1969

Universe:    Voting-age citizens of the Federal Republic of Germany, excluding West Berlin, living in private households and registered in the community central registry of inhabitants ("Einwohnermeldekartei").

Data Type(s):    survey data and aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    This study utilized a stratified, multistage, random sampling procedure. The sample was drawn in three stages: first, the sampling points were designated, then households were chosen within each sampling point, and finally, individuals were selected within each household. The definition of the population excluded persons living in group quarters, institutional populations, and people with no place of residence.

Data Source:

personal interviews, and the 1970 population census in Germany


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-19

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