Eurobarometer 44.3: Health Care Issues and Public Security, February-April 1996 (ICPSR 6752)

Published: May 29, 2002

Principal Investigator(s):
Karlheinz Reif; Eric Marlier


Version V1

This round of Eurobarometer surveys focused on health issues, public security, awareness of consumer protection legislation, sickness benefits allocation, and attitudes toward the police. In addition, respondents were queried on a few standard Eurobarometer measures, such as whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about and whether they discussed political matters, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Respondents provided information about their personal health care, including their general state of health, number of hospital stays, types of examinations received, and whether they had been on a diet, as well as their perceptions of heart disease. Respondents also answered questions about the health care system in their countries and indicated how well health care was run, to whom the government should provide health care, whether the government should spend more money on health care, and if they were willing to pay more taxes or have the government spend less on other things in order to contribute to health care. A number of questions concentrated on sickness benefits allocation. Questions concerning public security included how safe respondents felt walking alone near their homes, how often they had witnessed drug-related problems near their homes, if their homes had been broken into, and whether they had been attacked or seriously threatened. Respondents were also asked about their awareness of consumer protection legislation adopted or introduced by the European Union (EU) in areas such as import, postal services, toy safety, pricing, packaging, advertising, contracts, holiday conditions, and court proceedings. Opinions were also elicited on the police, type of contact respondents had with the police, and the cooperation between the police forces from EU member states. In addition, respondents answered a series of questions concerning their views on employment, unemployment, and gender equality. These data are reported in a separate collection, EUROBAROMETER 44.3OVR: EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND GENDER EQUALITY, FEBRUARY-APRIL 1996 (ICPSR 2443). Demographic and other background information provided includes respondent's age, gender, nationality, marital status, left-right political self-placement, occupation, age at completion of education, household income, size of household, car ownership, region of residence, and subjective size of community.

Reif, Karlheinz, and Marlier, Eric. Eurobarometer 44.3:  Health Care Issues and Public Security, February-April 1996    . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002-05-29.

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1996-02-27 -- 1996-04-03

1996-02-27 -- 1996-04-03

(1) Three respondents (ICPSR CASE ID 15073, 15129, and 15134) with non-EU nationalities were permitted to complete interviews. If desired, these cases can be excluded from analysis. (2) Caution should be exercised when using V54, V55, V56, V57, V58, and V59 (Q119A, Q119A recoded, Q119B, Q119B recoded, Q119C, and Q119C recoded). Inconsistencies have been found such that the number of nights spent in the hospital (Q119B and Q119C) is smaller than the number of different times spent overnight in a hospital (Q119A). Also, respondents who answered "don't know" to Q119A (code 99 in V54 and code 10 in V55) should not have been asked Q119B and Q119C. ICPSR has recoded cases not following this protocol as follows: ICPSR CASE ID 8763: Code 0 in V56 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 8 in V57 recoded to 99 (INAP). ICPSR CASE ID 13724: Code 14 in V56 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 7 in V57 recoded to 99 (INAP). ICPSR CASE ID 6286: Code 30 in V56 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 7 in V57 recoded to 99 (INAP). ICPSR CASE ID 8634: Code 60 in V56 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 7 in V57 recoded to 99 (INAP). ICPSR CASE ID 10704: Code 999 in V56 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 10 in V57 recoded to 99 (INAP), Code 0 in V58 recoded to 997 (INAP), Code 8 in V59 recoded to 99 (INAP). (3) The complete questionnaire is being provided for both Eurobarometer 44.3 (ICPSR 6752) and Eurobarometer 44.3OVR (ICPSR 2443). Response data, however, are divided between the two studies in the following manner. EB44.3: Q.1 to Q.4B, Q.5B, Q.111 to Q.155, demographic and protocol questions, and EB44.3OVR: Q.1 to Q.110, demographic and protocol questions. (4) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as an ASCII text file and as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file, and the data collection instrument is provided by ICPSR as a PDF file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Multistage national probability samples.

Citizens of the EU aged 15 and over residing in the 15 EU member countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

personal interviews

survey data



2002-05-29 The data have been further processed by ICPSR and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Also, a standard machine-readable codebook (PDF and text) and SAS data definition statements have been added, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.

1998-07-15 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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