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Dutch Parliamentary Election Study, 1994 (ICPSR 6740)

Principal Investigator(s): Anker, H.; Oppenhuis, E.V.


This survey, the ninth in a series of election studies from the Netherlands, focuses on the May 3, 1994, elections for the Second Chamber of Parliament. This election occurred after the Lubbers-III Cabinet formed by the political parties CDA and Pvda had reached the end of its term. The survey was administered in two waves, one conducted before the election and one following the vote. In the first wave, respondents provided information on their interest in politics, what they considered the most important national problem, how they intended to vote in the upcoming election, political party membership and affiliation, attitudes toward government policies and officials, opinions on political and social issues such as crime, minorities, nuclear energy, and income differences, and a variety of personal and demographic characteristics. Many first-wave items were repeated in the second wave. During the second wave, respondents also reported the name of the party they had voted for in the election and their reasons for doing so. Other variables recorded voter perceptions of the stance of various political parties on issues such as crime, unemployment, pollution, and economic concerns, voter knowledge of national politicians, rating of political parties based on a 10-point left-right scale, attitudes toward politics and the effectiveness of government, union membership, and opinions on European unification. Respondents were also asked to describe how they would participate in the governing process if they thought that the Second Chamber of Parliament was about to consider a bill that the voter thought unjust, and, in addition, to state which national goals should receive the highest priority.

Series: Dutch Parliamentary Election Study (DPES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Main Data File - Download All Files (16.899 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Anker, H., and E.V. Oppenhuis. Dutch Parliamentary Election Study, 1994. ICPSR06740-v2. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Steinmetz Archive/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 1997. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06740.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06740.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (Netherlands)
  • Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (Netherlands)
  • Social and Cultural Planning Office (Netherlands)
  • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research
  • University of Amsterdam. Department of Political Science
  • University of Nijmegen (Netherlands). Department of Political Science

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    crime, domestic policy, Dutch Parliament, economic conditions, European unification, foreign policy, government performance, income, minorities, nuclear energy, parliamentary elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political change, political issues, political leaders, political participation, pollution, public approval, public opinion, trust in government, union membership, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Global, Netherlands

Time Period:   

  • 1994

Universe:    Members of the Dutch electorate at the time of the 1994 parliamentary election.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data file contains string variables which are 255 characters. Due to SAS limitations, these variables were split in the SAS data definition statements. As a result, 509 variables are identified in the SAS data definition statements.

The data collection instruments are written in Dutch.


Sample:    A sample of 4,000 households was drawn from the Geographic Base Register, which is based to a large extent on the national mail delivery register of the Netherlands. From all eligible citizens within each household, one person was randomly selected by interviewing the person whose birthday was first. No substitution by another person was allowed in the case of refusal, no-contact, or other factors precluding an interview.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1996-10-01

Version History:

  • 1997-11-13 The codebook has been reformatted and is now distributed as a PDF file. In addition, the data file has been reformatted and is available as a logical record length file. Also, SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been created for this collection.

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