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New Soviet Citizen Survey, 1992: Monitoring Political Change (ICPSR 6574)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Arthur H.; Reisinger, William; Hesli, Vicki


This study consists of interviews conducted in Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine with approximately 3,000 citizens -- both in the general population and opinion leaders or elites. Respondents in the general population (Part 1) were queried concerning issues they faced on a daily basis, including their satisfaction with their lives, their economic status, and their interest in politics. Information was gathered on their attitudes toward Communism, the police, the media, and residents of Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine. In addition, respondents provided opinions concerning which organizations should deal with the environment, school, employment, and defense, and commented on the views of Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, and Ruslan Khasbulatov with respect to guaranteed work. Other issues addressed included the role of women, crime, legislation and decision-making, and goals of the country. The elite respondents (Part 2) were asked to comment on various aspects of politics and society, including problems and challenges their state was facing (such as public health and welfare, crime, and economic stability), what qualities characterize a good legislator or administrator, and the status of political authority and levels of power for political figures. Opinion leaders also provided information on their feelings toward the media, the Communist Party, religious organizations including the Catholic Church, the ministers of government, and the United States. In addition, these respondents commented on income limitations, political party competition, minority rights, and the role of women. Demographic variables common to both sets of data include age, education, gender, native and other languages, religion, and occupation.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  General Population Data - Download All Files (2.195 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  Elite Data - Download All Files (1.239 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Miller, Arthur H., William Reisinger, and Vicki Hesli. NEW SOVIET CITIZEN SURVEY, 1992: MONITORING POLITICAL CHANGE. ICPSR06574-v1. Iowa City, IA: Arthur H. Miller, William Reisinger, and Vicki Hesli, Iowa Social Science Institute [producers], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06574.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06574.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9009698)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Communist Party, crime, economic conditions, employment, Gorbachev, Mikhail, life satisfaction, political attitudes, political behavior, political change, Yeltsin, Boris

Geographic Coverage:    Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1992-06-17--1992-07-17

Date of Collection:   

  • 1992-06-17--1992-07-17

Universe:    All registered voters in Lithuania, Ukraine, and the portion of Russia west of the Ural mountains.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The General Population and Elite data files cannot be linked. In addition, within each data file, the variables for male and female are not consistent across states.


Sample:    Random sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-12-20

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB6574.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2000-02-21 The codebook has been converted into PDF format and the SPSS export files, previously corrupted, have been replaced. In addition, revised versions of the SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available.

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