Pennsylvania New Firm Survey, 1979-1984 (ICPSR 6526)

Version Date: Oct 12, 1995 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Paul D., Reynolds, University of Pennsylvania. Wharton School; Steve Freeman, University of Pennsylvania. Wharton School; Lauren Oshana, University of Pennsylvania. Wharton School

Version V1

This study is a survey of new firms in Pennsylvania. The objective of the study was to provide descriptions of these firms, with equivalent representation of all eight industry sectors within Pennsylvania's ten local development districts. Respondents chosen from the firms were people who had helped start the firms and who were still active in the management of the firms at the time of the survey. Respondents were asked to measure their satisfaction with labor costs, access to customers and suppliers, energy costs, and reliability of the energy source by rating these issues on an importance scale. Other items addressed the firms' products and markets, financial situations, management and organizational structures, and locations. These topics were assessed for the individual company both in terms of initial status and current status. Respondents were asked to comment on the current management focus, and to gauge the importance of lower prices, better service, quality of products or services, advertising, and location. Respondents also provided sales, export, and asset histories, some going back to before 1977.

Reynolds, Paul D., Freeman, Steve, and Oshana, Lauren. Pennsylvania New Firm Survey, 1979-1984. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995-10-12.

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote
Appalachian Regional Commission (Contract 86-60 (CO-9380-85-Y1-300-0726))
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1979 -- 1984

This dataset contains undocumented codes.

Stratified sample by industry and geographic location within Pennsylvania.

All new firms established during the period 1979-1984 in Pennsylvania and listed in Dun and Bradstreet's Market Identifier File.

mail and telephone surveys

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Reynolds, Paul D.,, Steve Freeman, and Lauren Oshana. Pennsylvania New Firm Survey, 1979-1984. ICPSR06526-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995.

1995-10-12 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

ICPSR logo

This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.