Life-Integrity Violation Analysis and Democracy in 145 Countries and Regions, 1980-1987 (ICPSR 6515)

Published: Aug 16, 1995

Principal Investigator(s):
Helen Fein

Version V1

These data were collected to assess the level of life-integrity rights in various countries and regions of the world. The concept of life integrity is based on six related claims: the right to life, the right to bodily inviolability, the right to security from arbitrary punishment, seizure, and detention, the right to own one's body and labor, the right to free movement without discrimination, and the right to marry and form a family. Information was obtained for 145 countries and occupied regions by using the Life-Integrity Violation Analysis (LIVA) form. Scores were then assigned for each country with respect to life-integrity violation, economic development, and ethnic discrimination. The study also assessed the status of political rights, civil liberties, and individual freedom. Other variables pertain to the proportion of national income that went to the top quintile, the GINI coefficient for income, and whether the area was an occupied territory or was in the midst of an internal war.

Fein, Helen. Life-Integrity Violation Analysis and Democracy in 145 Countries and Regions, 1980-1987. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995-08-16.

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American Sociological Association. Small Grants Program

Users are asked to send copies of articles based on the data to Helen Fein at the Institute for the Study of Genocide, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY.

1980 -- 1987

1988 -- 1992

Countries and occupied territories for which data were available from Amnesty International (AI) for 1980-1987 and in which AI had sections and groups.

All recognized countries and territories.

(1) AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL 1988 REPORT, (2) two papers written by the principal investigator, included in the documentation, and (3) various other sources listed in the documentation

aggregate data



1995-08-16 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.