Initiation of Militarized Disputes Among Great Power Rivals, 1816-1975 (ICPSR 6356)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Paul D. Huth; D. Scott Bennett; Christopher Gelpi

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06356.v1

Version V1

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between system structure and the initiation of militarized disputes among "Great Power" rivals from 1816 to 1975. The Great Powers during this time period are identified as Great Britain, France, Russia/Soviet Union, Austria-Hungary, Prussia/Germany, Italy, the United States, Japan, and China. In a Great Power rivalry, there are periodic military and diplomatic challenges to the status quo disputed by one or both of the powers. The central hypothesis of this study concerns the interaction between system uncertainty and the risk propensity of national decision-makers. Variables measure dispute initiation, system uncertainty, risk propensity, balance of military capabilities, arms races, preventive motive, power transition, rival's possession of second-strike nuclear capability, rival's past behavior, and current dispute involvement of challenger and rival. Risk attitudes are measured using Kahneman and Tversky Prospect Theory findings. Part 2, Initiation Variables Data, contains the complete set of variables, and Part 1, Initiation Final Equation Data, is a subset of Part 2.

Huth, Paul D., Bennett, D. Scott, and Gelpi, Christopher. Initiation of Militarized Disputes Among Great Power Rivals, 1816-1975. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06356.v1

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National Science Foundation (SES 9023067)

1816 -- 1975

1990 -- 1991

Data for this study were extracted in part from CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010). For a more detailed description of the current dataset, users may consult the related literature. UNIVERSE = Militarized disputes involving Great Powers of 1816-1975.

CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010)

aggregate data

1995-03-16

2006-01-12

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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