Schools and Staffing Survey, 1990-1991: [United States] (ICPSR 6313)

Published: Mar 30, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics


Version V1

This data collection consists of four integrated surveys of public and private schools, administrators, and teachers in the United States. Part 1, the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey, presents information from schools and local education agencies on student enrollment, number of teachers, position vacancies, new hires, teacher salaries and incentives, and hiring and retirement policies. Part 3, the School Administrator Survey, includes information about training, experience, professional background, and job activities of school principals and headmasters. Questions in Part 5, the Teacher Survey, cover teacher education and training, teaching assignment, teaching experience, certification, teaching workload, perceptions and attitudes about teaching, job mobility, and workplace conditions. Part 7, the School Survey, provides data from elementary and secondary schools on student characteristics, staffing patterns, student-teacher ratios, enrollment by grade, types of programs and services offered, length of school day and school year, graduation and college application rates, and teacher turnover rates.

United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. Schools and Staffing Survey, 1990-1991:  [United States]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-03-30.

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The data from the four samples are designed to be "linked," that is, teachers can be matched to administrators and to schools. However, the files released by ICPSR are public use files and cannot be linked in this way. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) will do limited linked-file runs for individual users. Contact them directly to explore this option. The restricted-use files are available only to researchers who sign a licensing agreement with National Center for Education Statistics.

1990 -- 1991

1990 -- 1991

In the 1990-1991 survey, American Indian/Alaska Natives and Asian/Pacific Islanders as well as bilingual and new teachers were oversampled.

Stratified sample. The SASS system of surveys used a set of linked samples. First, a sample of public and private schools was selected. The same sample was used for the School Administrator Survey. Each public school district that administers one or more of the sample schools in the public sector became part of the sample for the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey. For each sample school, a list of teachers was obtained and a sample was selected for inclusion in the Teacher Survey.

Public and private schools in the United States.

self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone interviews

survey data



2006-03-30 File CB6313.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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