Wisconsin Entrepreneurial Climate Study, 1992-1993 (ICPSR 6241)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Paul D. Reynolds, Marquette University; Sammis B. White, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


Version V1

This study examines people's perceptions of the entrepreneurial process, the various sources of help and hindrance that beginning businesses encounter, the impact of new businesses on the economy, and the experiences of individuals involved in creating new businesses. Representative adults in Wisconsin were asked for their opinions regarding entrepreneurs and business opportunity, and were also asked about their own backgrounds and careers, and about any entrepreneurs in their own families or social networks. Individuals identified as entrepreneurs during the representative adult interview were asked about their knowledge of public and private sources of assistance for small business, their reactions to the state and local infrastructures, sources of financing they may have employed, start-up problems, products or services offered, and the nature of ownership of their business. Owners and managers of new firms that were identified by new unemployment insurance filings were asked about past and current sales, job creation, out-of-state exports, current management focus, and future plans for their businesses.

Reynolds, Paul D., and White, Sammis B. Wisconsin Entrepreneurial Climate Study, 1992-1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06241.v1

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Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority

1992 -- 1993

1992 -- 1993

This study sampled three populations, the total adult population of Wisconsin, nascent and discouraged entrepreneurs, and new firms. A random sample of the adult population of Wisconsin was augmented by further sampling of the minority population using purchased phone lists, state agency listings, and oversampling of minority-rich regions of Wisconsin. Nascent and discouraged entrepreneurs were nominated or self-nominated during the representative adult interviews (network/multiplicative sampling). For new firms, several sampling methods were employed. One random sample was drawn from new unemployment insurance filings stratified for geographical region and industry, and a second sample from new unemployment insurance filers considered to have a high technology emphasis. Additional new firm interviews were conducted with respondents identified as managers of new firms during the representative adult interviews. A sample of new Native American firms was generated from lists of Native American businesses and from the personal contacts of the study staff.

Adult population of Wisconsin, nascent and discouraged entrepreneurs, and new firms.

mailed questionnaires and CATI telephone interviews

survey data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.


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