National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Social Correlates of Official Index Crime Rates for States, SMSAs, and Cities [United States]: A Macro-Level Dataset for 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980 (ICPSR 6151)

Principal Investigator(s): Cohen, Lawrence E.; Land, Kenneth C.


These data provide official index crime rates and social and economic indicators of crime rates at three levels of aggregation (city, state, and metropolitan areas) for four decennial years: 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980. Information is provided on Uniform Crime Reports murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny theft, and vehicle theft rates per 100,000 population. Social and economic indicators include percent black population, percent divorced males, the mean and median family incomes, families below the poverty line, and percent unemployed for each area. The availability of the data for the crime rates in 1980 determined the geographic locations included in the data collection. Data from earlier years do not exist for all geographic locations for which data were available in 1980.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  City Data - Download All Files (1.231 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  State Data - Download All Files (0.206 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  SMSA Data - Download All Files (0.306 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Cohen, Lawrence E., and Kenneth C. Land. SOCIAL CORRELATES OF OFFICIAL INDEX CRIME RATES FOR STATES, SMSAS, AND CITIES [UNITED STATES]: A MACRO-LEVEL DATASET FOR 1950, 1960, 1970, AND 1980. ICPSR version. Austin, TX: Lawrence E. Cohen and Kenneth C. Land, University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center/Raleigh, NC: Patricia L. McCall, North Carolina State University, Dept. of Sociology [producers], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES8217865)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    assault, auto theft, burglary, cities, crime rates, crime reporting, economic indicators, larceny, murder, population characteristics, rape, robbery, social indicators

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Data Source:

(1) United States Census of Population and Housing (Parts B and C) for 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980, and (2) Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports for 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1999-12-14

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB6151.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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