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Survey of Soviet Values, 1990 (ICPSR 6099)

Principal Investigator(s): Gibson, James L.; Duch, Raymond M.


This dataset contains survey information from parts of the former Soviet Union located in Europe: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belorussia, Ukraine, Moldavia, Georgia, Armenia, and Russia west of the Ural Mountains. It was designed to assess respondents' commitment to democratic values and rates of political participation of the Soviet mass public. Major topics covered include conventional and unconventional political participation, political tolerance, support for democratic elections, support for pluralistic media, rights consciousness, anti-Semitism, and support for market institutions.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Main Data File - Download All Files (1.397 MB)
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DS2:  Frequencies File
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Gibson, James L., and Raymond M. Duch. Survey of Soviet Values, 1990. ICPSR06099-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06099.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06099.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9003868)
  • Los Angeles Times
  • University of Houston. College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences
  • Dresser Foundation
  • USSR Academy of Sciences

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    anti-Semitism, democracy, elections, human rights, market economy, mass media, media influence, political interest, political participation, public approval

Geographic Coverage:    Armenia, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia (Republic), Global, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia

Time Period:   

  • 1990-05

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-05

Universe:    Adult residents of those portions of the Soviet Union located in Europe, with the exception of Azerbaijan and Kazakastan.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Two European sections of the former Soviet Union are not included in this dataset: Azerbaijan, due to political unrest, and Kazakastan, due to interview cost.


Sample:    Four-stage stratified random sample. In the initial stage of the sampling, geographical units were classified according to certain statistical indices based on their assumed importance in structuring the beliefs of ordinary respondents. In the second stage of the sampling, eight substrata were identified from each of the first-stage strata. At the third stage of the sampling, each geographical unit fitting the defined matrix was enumerated, and the adult residents of these units were sampled in the fourth stage.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-10-20

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